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The Emerging Technique Of Farming

Apart from coming up with the advanced technology-driven environment, something that is raising our concern in the world is the technique of farming. People all around seek healthy food, grown in a healthy environment. This is one of the reasons that is making organic farming more adoptable. In this context, hydroponics is one of the most emerging terms.

Hydroponics has two terms involved i.e. 'hydro' means water and phonics is toil. So people have defined hydroponics as the process of growing the plants in water. Photosynthesis is the process through which plants grow, using sunlight. Chlorophyll is present in their leaves and is essential for the growth.

This chemical composition helps to convert carbon dioxide (present in the atmosphere) and water (extracted from soil) into glucose and oxygen. Therefore, the presence of soil is not always important because components need by plants for growing are nutrients and water. It is possible to grow plants without soil if these two components get a substitute from any other source.

How do roots get support ?

Now, as this process doesn't have the support of soil, the question arises, how do these plants get the support? Here, the whole system of the roots get support by the medium of an inert such as rockwool, clay pellets, peat moss vermiculite etc. the basic concern lies here is to bring the plant in direct contact with the solution having required nutrients.

Why should one choose hydroponics ?

Hydroponics is good for all types of growers. Scientists have discovered that plants are healthier, juicier and bigger in nature when this process is adopted. Compared to all other techniques, this is more simple, easy and cost-effective when it comes to gardening. Just with the prior basic knowledge of techniques and methods, it is an easy process to adopt.

Advantages of Hydroponics

  1. Less amount of water is enough in comparison to the amount that the traditional gardening process.
  2. The rate of growth among the plants is much faster as it provides a controlled environment.
  3. No need of using fertilizers, pesticides and other chemicals. As there is less damage to plants due to soil-borne disease, insects, and farm pests.
  4. The plants are rich in nutrients, are more healthy in nature. It has been observed that the vitamin content is more than 50% in hydroponically grown plants as compared to traditionally grown.
  5. Harvesting becomes an easy method in this kind of gardening no training or skills are required.
  6. It protects the environment from degradation. Traditional gardening causes degradation of soil and reduces the quality of soil as it has a high amount of calcium phosphorous and potassium.
  7. There is not much cost for labor.
  8. Additional space or land is unnecessary. 20% less space This gardening requires 20% less space in comparison to soil-based gardening. Plants having small roots can be adjusted and grown closer than keeping them in distance.
  9. No prior cost is incurred in the process of soil testing, soil setup etc.
  10. Avoid all the problems relating to season change, moderate climate, and rain, as crops in hydroponics can grow all around the year irrespective of season.

Thus, Hydroponics has many advantages and has proven to be a better farming technique.

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